Montenegro is a country in southeastern Europe, which lies on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. Bordered to the east and northeast with Serbia, to the west and northwest of the Croatian and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Albania to the southeast. In the southwest the Adriatic Sea separates it from Italy. The main, and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje has the status of capital. Montenegrois dividedinto three regions, namely: Coastal Region, Central Region, Northern Region.
Montenegro’s coast is one of the world’s regions of greatest natural beauty and most attractive to visitors. This coast stretches from the entrance to the Bay of Kotor ,,Boka Kotorska” to the mouth of the Bojana River, at the border of Montenegro and Albania. The coastline is long 293 km. In summer time the cast is the centre of entertainment and cultural events, musical and film events and international competitions.This southernmost region consists of municipalities with access to the Adriatic Sea. This region is mainly oriented towards tourism, and has a population about 146,784 . Following municipalities make up the region:
One of the oldest and most famous Montenegrin towns is Kotor. The coastal town is located in a most secluded part of the Gulf of Kotor, at the foot of mountain Lovcen. Kotor is a typical Mediterranean travel destination with old narrow streets, romantic bars and restaurants, small shops, antique monuments, churches and picturesque buildings. Famous poets and writers have used the beauty of the Bay of Kotor as inspiration for their works. Listed as UNESCO World Natural and Historical Heritage Site. Kotor has become a famous yachting and sailing destination for skippers around the globe.
The Old City of Kotor – is one of the best preserved medieval towns in the Adriatic. The Old City is surrounded by an impressive city wall, known as bulwarks, which was built by the Republic of Venice and still retains much of Venetian architectural influence. Explore a great number of monuments of medieval architecture: churches, cathedrals, palaces and museums.
Herceg Novi is a coastal town in Montenegro located at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor and at the foot of Mount Orjen. It is the administrative center of the Herceg Novi Municipality with around 33,000 inhabitants.
Herceg Novi is recognisable by the abundance of mimosa trees and its numerous flights of stairs. It is a ‘city of the sun’, thanks to the large number of sunny days all year round. The centre of Herceg Novi is Stari Grad, decorated by buildings dating back to the epochs of Sahat – Kula (1667) and Kanli – Kula (1483). Fortress Spanjola (1538) and Fortress Forte Mare (1687) are only a part of the cultural heritage of this renowned town. Full of thick greenery, Herceg Novi hides numerous kinds of tropical flowers. Towards the end of January the town becomes scented with the subtle fragrance of yellow and green mimosas and the festival of Praznik Mimosa is dedicated to this flower.
Herceg Novi is a major Montenegrin tourist destination. It is well known as a spa and health center; nearby Igalo has an abundance of healing sea mud called “igaljsko blato” (Igalo mud) and mineral water springs called “igaljske slatine” (Igalo water springs).
Budva is the metropolis of Montenegrin tourism thanks to the great number of beaches that make this a most desirable tourist destination. Apart from its natural beauty, its bay islands and beaches for example, Budva is rich in historic monuments. The Old town lies on a small peninsula and represents a treasure chest of culture heritage. Crossed with narrow streets and squares are famous buildings, the Church Sv. Trojica, housing the tomb of the exquisite writer Stjepan Mitrov Ljubisa, the Churches of Sv. Ivan, Sv. Bogorodica and Sv. Sava. During the summer months it turns into a City Theatre with numerous local performances and shows from abroad. In the Stari Grad (Old town) you can also visit many shops, cafés, restaurants and galleries. Monasteries Stanjevici, Podostrog, Rezevici and Gradiste are important historic and religious monuments of Budva.
Tivat is situated in the central part of the Bay of Boka at the foot of Vrmac (710m) the spur of Mount Lovcen which extends to the north-west side of the town. At the opposite side is the Bay of Tivat which is the largest of four bays forming the Bay of Boka. The Bay of Tivat with its exceptional beauty attracts every visitor. Tivat covers the area of 46km² and the open sea coastline is 5km long. It has the population of 15 000 inhabitants. It lies at longitude 18º 42” east and latitude 42º 26”north. Tivat coast is lined with attractive marinas, coves and numerous beaches with the surface of 30 000m². Due to its position in the Bay of Boka, to its coves, peninsula Prevlaka, island of St Mark and well-known beach Plavi horizont Tivat is put on tourist maps as an attractive tourist destination.
Like most Montenegrin towns, throughout its history Bar has belonged to various civilizations and cultures. What makes it stand out among Montenegrin towns today is that it is representative of several of the cultures that it belongs to, and in some cases had belonged to for centuries. Here, the heritage of one epoch would become the ground for development of the next. In the new heritage one could always clearly recognize the achievements of its predecessor. Bar represents a mix of modernity, tradition and beauty. It is an important and dynamic economic centre within Montenegro, but is also a town of rich cultural and historical tradition. Some of the highest achievements of Montenegro’s civilization originated in Bar. The oldest written documents and the most important work of medieval Montenegrin literature and history can be found here. The town also served as the seat of the oldest religious institution of Montenegro (the Bar archbishopric). One of the world’s oldest olive trees grows here, the Old Olive of Mirovica, which is more than 2000 years old.
Ulcinj is a coastal town and municipality in Montenegro. The town of Ulcinj has a population of 10,828 (2003 census) of which the majority are Albanians. Ulcinj is the centre of Ulcinj Municipality and the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro. This southernmost municipality of Montenegro has a population of 20,290.
This region consists of four municipalities. It is the most populous of the regions, and contains the capital of Podgorica, historical capital of Cetinje, and the industrial center of Nikšić. Most of Montenegrin economic, cultural, educational and administration base is located within the region.
Cetinje is the old capital of Montenegro, located at the foot of Mount Lovcen. Cetinje began to grow around 1482 when Ivan Crnojevic, a ruler of the Crnojevic dynasty, moved under Turkish advance from the southern town of Zabljak on Skadar Lake and named Cetinje his new capital. The name Cetinje derives from the tiny river Cetina which used to flow through the valley and vanish underground at its lower end. Cetinje is a „town museum“ where sometimes you get a feeling that time had stopped due to numerous old buildings and extraordinary historical heritage. Cetinje lives in the past, and there’s a multitude of museums to visit grouped around the main square. All are open 09:00-17:00 except on Mondays. The National museum inside King Nicholas’ palace can only be visited on guided tours. The Ethnographic Museum , set in the former Serbian embassy, is a good place to learn about Montenegro’s colourful traditional clothing and the development of national art. Finally, the Cetinje Monastery Museum has valuable items from the treasury on show.
Podgorica is the official commercial and cultural centre of Montenegro and is the capital and largest city of MontenegroLocated at at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers and the meeting point of the fertile Zeta Plain and Bjelopavlići Valley . Podgorica hosts a number of cultural events and there are many theatres, such as Crnogorsko Narodno, Gradsko and Dodest. Further cultural and historic monuments in and around Podgorica are Sahat-kula Adzi-pasa Osmanagica, the ruins of Nemanjica Grad, remnants of the city of Doclea, Stara Varos, and Vezirov. Today Podgorica is a diplomatic and academic center from which you can arrive to the mountains or the attractive Skadar lake in half an hour, and only in one hour to the sea.
In the west of Montenegro, at the field of Niksic, is the city of Niksic. With its surroundings, by the surface, is the biggest montenegrin town. In its surroundings Nikšić cherishes numerous monasteries and churches, and monastery Ostrog which is one of the most beautiful and most visited Orthodox monasteries. In the city itself is the monumental Saborna Church, dedicated to Saint Vasilije and surrounded by a beautiful park. Niksic is flanked by three lakes: Krupac, Slano and Liverovici Lake. During the summer months these lakes are the main places for day trippers and holiday makers. Niksic is also well known for its production of the famous Niksicko beer.
Nothern Regioncomprises eleven municipalities and is the largest by area. It encompases the sparsely populated mountainous part of Montenegro. With the decline of the heavy industries in the 1990s, the region has seen perpetual economic hardship and migration of the population to the two southern regions. Following municipalities make up the region:
Bijelo Polje is a town in northeastern Montenegro on the Lim River. It has an urban population of 15,400 . It is the administrative, economic, cultural and educational centre of northern Montenegro. Bijelo Polje was the birthplace of the oral poet Avdo Međedović and of many prominent writers, such as Ćamil Sijarić, Miodrag Bulatović. City’s best known brand is Rada mineral water, vastly consumed in Montenegro during summer months.
Kolasin was established by the Turks in the 17 th century. In the close vicinity of the town there is the always restless Tara river, as well as the Moraca river, and the town is surrounded by mountains, with Sinjajevina, Bjelasica, Kljuc and Vucje protecting this town from all sides. Kolasin is situated at the altitude of 954 m and offers excellent vacation in winter, as well as in summer time. Due to its altitude and favourable climate, Kolasin is considered an air spa. A special attraction for the tourists is the Biogradsko lake, situated in the National park “Biogradska Gora”, which contains one of only three preserved wild forests in Europe. Biogradsko lake is situated at the altitude of 1094 m and it has extensive footpaths all around.
Plav, right air spa, located in the middle of Plav-Gusinje valley and is surrounded by rugged and gigantic garlands, Prokletija, Visitora and Cakora. With their bare, stone toothed peaks, some of which are high and up to 2500 m, the view extends down the valley towards Lim and Metohija , and to Albanian towns. In their crevices and bays, bright small blue glacial lakes. Hridsko lake is located at an altitude of 1980 m below the peaks Bogićević (2650) m Over Hridskog lake comes with picturesque landscapes and Blue Gusinje and valleys Rip and Rupajine.
The most famous tourist centre in Montenegro 1,445 metres above sea level at the foot of Mount Durmitor.Zabljak is a tourist town, the highest in the Balkans. Zabljak represents the best destination for winter tourism. In its vicinity there is the deepest canyon in Europe, magnificent canyon of the Tara River. This little city in the north of Montenegro surrounded by numerous lakes and a number of mountain tops. For its natural beauties emerging at each step Zabljak attracts a large number of visitors during summer.