The mountains of Montenegro belong to one of the least hospitable terrain in Europe. Their average elevation is more than 2,000 m. The highest peak in Montenegro is Zla Kolata of the Prokletije with an altitude of 2534 m. One of the most famous peaks of Montenegro is Bobotov kuk on Mount Durmitor, which is located at an altitude of 2523 m.
The mountain massive of Durmitor consists of the great plateau (1500m altitude) and it is intersected by deep canyons and valley, from which the imposing mountain peaks raise. There are more than fourty mountain peaks with an altitude over the 2000m above the sea level, (Bezimeni, Medjed, Savin kuk, Crvena greda, Obla glava, Rbatina, Planinica…) The highest and the most dominate is surely Bobotov kuk, called also Cirova pecina ( 2523m altitude). Besides the impressive nature, the great importance and natural value of Durmitor give its eighteen lakes, called also ‘mountain eyes’, that are placed all over the Durmitor area. Crno (The Black lake), Zminje, Trnovacko, Susicko, and also Big and Small Skrcko lake. The biggest, the most popular and in the same time the most beautiful is The Black lake, placed in the middle of coniferous forest in a very foothill of Medjed, close to Zabljak. A natural phenomena that is characteristic for this lake is the underground bifurcation, which means that the water from the lake flows in two different ways, through the underground passages, and flows in two different rivers, Tara and Piva.
During the summer time, when the water in the lake worms up, the right escape from the summer throng is bathing and rowing in the lake, while in the winter time it is frozen and like that represents the main attraction for walking and sliding across it.
The Prokletije mountains are one of the highest and without doubt most karstic mountain ranges of the Balkan Peninsula whose white naked karstic and jagged ridges and peaks, build form limestone and dolomite. Because of it’s impressive and amazing beautty, Prokletije Mountain is also known as “Southern Alps of Europe”. The Prokletije range consists of 40 mountain wreaths. The Prokletije range in Montenegro is approximately 250 square kilometres, and extends from Skadar to Bogicevica, on the border with Kosovo. In a wider sense, Montenegro’s Prokletije mountain range is bordered by the rivers Cijevna, Lim and Ibar. Valleys are deep and wide while peaks are edgy and seem to be almost inaccessible. There are a plenty of smaller or bigger glacial lakes in the mountains. Their number is the second most one in Europe following the Alps! Plavsko Lake is the biggest one along the shore of which a lot of holiday homes and pensions were built. Prokletije has a fantastic panorama, wide, flowery and green valleys, steep mountainsides, peaks pushing skywards, idyllic meadows, purling brooks and sight for the gods. But before everything else its most important characters are wildness and being undiscovered. Prokletije is still one of the least known mountain ranges of Southeast Europe. Prokletije are ideal mountine for climbing, hiking and mountaineering.
Golija is a mountain in Montenegro, north-west of Niksic. The mountain range lost between Niksic Gatačko field at a distance of 25 km, a width of up to 8km. The highest peak is 1945m. It is built of limestone and its mountain slopes are steep, while the central part consists of flattened parts of the rocky valleys rocky ridges. The slopes of the river Piva are covered with dense deciduous and evergreen forests. And southwest are quite bare. Northwest of Mount prominent, to the mountains Njegosa Somine is and Golijski region kraj.Golija and Golijski region are known as of area whose inhabitants are deal with cattle breeding.
Only 30 km away from the coastline the relief of Montenegro turns into the raw and almost unapproachable karst area of Lovćen Mountain. This area is the border between the coast and mainland of Montenegro, influenced by two climates- Mediterranean and continental. Lovćen is a mountain and national park in southwestern Montenegro. The mountain has two imposing peaks, Štirovnik 1,749 m and Jezerski vrh 1,657 m. The mountain slopes are rocky, with numerous fissures, pits and deep depressions giving its scenery a specific look. Standing on the border between two completely different natural wholes, the sea and the mainland, Lovćen is under the influence of both climates. The specific connection of the life conditions has stipulated the development of the different biological systems. There are 1158 plant species on Lovćen, out of which four are endemic.
The National Park encompasses the central and the highest part of Lovćen mountain massif and covers an area of 62.20 km². It was proclaimed a national park in 1952. Besides Lovćen’s natural beauties, the national park was established to protect rich historical, cultural and architectural heritage of the area.
The biggest and most important monument of Lovćen national park is Petar Petrović Njegoš’s Mausoleum. The location for his burial place and the mausoleum at the summit of Jezerski vrh was chosen by Njegoš himself as his last wish.